Saturday, April 30, 2011

CTET : Historical view of various Recommendations and Reports


Historical view of various Recommendations and Reports
Examinations are an indispensable part of the educational process as
some form of assessment is necessary to determine the effectiveness of
teaching learning process and their internalization by learners. Various
Commissions and Committees have felt the need for examination reforms.
The Hunter Commission (1882), Calcutta University Commission or Sadler
Commission (1917-1919), Hartog Committee Report (1929), the Report
of Central Advisory Board or Sargeant Plan (1944), Secondary Education
Commission or Mudaliar Commission (1952-53) have all made
recommendations regarding reducing emphasis on external examination
and encouraging internal assessment through Continuous and
Comprehensive Evaluation.
The need for Continuous and Comprehensive School Based Evaluation
has been reiterated over the last few decades. The Kothari Commission
report (1966) observed, ‘On the completion of the course, at the end of
the lower or higher secondary stage, the student should receive a certificate
from the school alongwith the record of his internal assessment as contained
in his cumulative record. This certificate may be attached to that given by
the Board in connection with the external examination…’ (9.81). It further
adds, ‘This internal assessment or evaluation conducted by the schools is
of greater significance and should be given increasing importance. It should
be comprehensive, evaluating all those aspects of students’ growth that
are measured by the external examination and also those personality traits,
interests and attitudes which cannot be assessed by it.’ (9.84).

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