Monday, June 24, 2013

10th Maths Similar triangle Guess Paper For CBSE Exam SA-1

10th Triangle (Similarity) Practice Questions For SA-1 By JSUNIL
Similar figures: “Two similar figures have the same shape but not necessarily the same sizes are called similar figures. “ This verifies that congruent figures are similar but the similar figures need not be congruent.
Conditions for similarity of polygon: Two polygons of the same number of sides are similar, if
(i) Their corresponding angles are equal and
(ii) Their corresponding sides are in the same ratio (or proportion).
Note: The same ratio of the corresponding sides is referred to as the scale factor (or the Representative Fraction) for the polygons.
Equiangular triangles:  If corresponding angles of two triangles are equal, then they are known as equiangular triangles.
A famous Greek mathematician Thales gave an important truth relating to two equiangular triangles which is as follows: “The ratio of any two corresponding sides in two equiangular triangles is always the same.”
Q. The Basic Proportionality Theorem (now known as the Thales Theorem) :  “If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio. “ [Prove it.]
Q. The converse of The Basic Proportionality Theorem:  If a line divides any two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, then the line is parallel to the third side. [Prove it by contradiction methods]
Q. In a triangle ABC, E and F are point on AB and AC and EF || BC. Prove that   AB/AE = AC/AF
Q. Prove that a line drawn through the mid-point of one side of a triangle parallel to another side bisects the third side.
Q. Prove that the line joining the mid-points of any
two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side.
Q. In a triangle ABC, E and F are point on AB and AC Such that AE/EB = AF/FC and <AEF =<ACB. Prove that ABC is an isosceles Triangle.
Q. In a trapezium ABCD , AB || DC and  E and F are points on non-parallel sides AD and BC respectively such that EF is parallel to AB .Show that AE/ ED = BF /FC [join AC to intersect EF at G]
Q. In a trapezium ABCD  , AB || DC and its diagonals intersect each other at the point O. Show that  AO/ BO = CO/DO
Q. If the diagonals of a quadrilateral divide each other proportionally, then it is a trapezium.
Q. In ΔABC, DE || BC
(a) IF AD /DB = 2/3 and AC = 18cm, find AE.
(b) IF AD = x, DB = x – 2 , AE = x + 2, EC = x -1, find x.
(c) If AD = 8cm, AB = 12cm, AE = 12cm, find CE.

Q. In the given figure, AB || DC. If EA = 3x - 19, EB = x - 4, EC = x - 3 and ED = 4, find x.
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